1452 – 1519
Leonardo da Vinci was a painter, sculptor, architect, musician, mathematician, engineer, inventor, anatomist, geologist, botanist, and writer. He is famously known for The Mona Lisa and The Last Supper but his contributions would not stop there. Many of our great inventions began in the mind of Da Vinci including the helicopter, the theory of plate tectonics, architecture, mechanics, aquatics, war strategies, weapons, and machinery.
- Created pedestrian streets and sidewalks in the center of cities to cut back on the chaos
- Studied anatomy and the physics of motion, laying down the foundation for the study of the human body
- His injection of hot wax into the brain of an ox provided a cast of the ventricles defining their shape and size
- Developed a primitive machine gun
- Developed plumbing for the Duke’s castle